2 dollars 2023 - Jean-Paul Riopelle
By thecanadiannumismatist | Thursday, 5 October 2023
On the 100th anniversary of the birth of visual artist Jean Paul Riopelle, the Royal Canadian Mint is issuing a new $2 circulation coin.
The artwork appearing on the reverse of the 2023 $2 circulation coin honouring Jean Paul Riopelle offers a small yet poignant glimpse of Riopelle's acrylic and spray paint 1992 masterpiece: L'Hommage à Rosa Luxemburg. The immense 40-metre-wide triptych, consists of 30 separate panels rife with natural imagery and coded symbolism. It was painted in tribute to his lifelong partner, Joan Mitchell, upon her passing in 1992. Created at Riopelle's studio on Ile-aux-Oies, an island in the estuary of the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec City, the fresco features the recurring theme of bird-like silhouettes, two of which from Panel 29 appear on the reverse of the coin. The coloured version of the coin captures the original colours of this multi-media masterpiece. The obverse of this coin features the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt.
Through the coins we issue every year, designed by artists from coast to coast to coast, the Royal Canadian Mint is a creator, promoter and supporter of Canada's visual arts.
On the 100th anniversary of Jean Paul Riopelle's birth, we are delighted to issue a commemorative circulation coin honouring him as one of our greatest artists, whose talent and vision influenced a dynamic period in global artistic expression and touched admirers of his work and fellow artists in Canada and around the world.
- Marie Lemay, President and CEO of the Royal Canadian Mint
ean Paul Riopelle was born October 7, 1923, in Montreal, Quebec, and died March 12, 2002, in Isles-aux-Grues. Demonstrating his artistic prowess from an early age, Riopelle studied briefly at the École des Beaux-arts de Montréal before moving onto and eventually graduating from the école du Meuble in 1945. It was during this time that he painted with the famed Automatistes, a group espousing a philosophy of painting from the subconscious mind and with spontaneity. He moved to Paris, France, in 1947 and became the only Canadian whose work was presented at the 5th International Exhibition of Surrealism staged at Galerie Maeght, an important moment in the history of surrealism.
I consider Jean Paul Riopelle to be one of the greatest Canadian artists of all time and, importantly, a true cultural hero, both here in Canada and internationally. I admire the artist for his energy, his uncompromising artistic freedom, and his deep love of our country's breathtaking landscapes. Through this commemorative tribute, the Royal Canadian Mint is joining the Riopelle Foundation for these unprecedented celebrations, forever engraving his memory in Canadian history.
- Michael J. Audain, OC, OBC, Chair of the Jean Paul Riopelle Foundation
Briefly returning to Montreal in 1948, Riopelle also helped draft and signed the Refus Global manifesto, an anti-establishment declaration by artists and intellectuals challenging the closed nature and prevailing beliefs of the socio-religious order in Quebec, which sowed the seeds of the 1960's Révolution Tranquille, a transformational period in Quebec political history.
Over his roughly 45-year career, his work was featured in more than 200 group or solo exhibitions in art capitals all over the world (Sao Paulo; Mexico City; Venice; New York; London; and, of course, Canada). Among other accolades, Riopelle represented Canada at the 1962 Venice Bienniale and received a UNESCO Prize. He was also recipient of the 1958 Guggenheim International Award and was made a Companion of the Order of Canada, as well as a grand officer of the National Order of Quebec.
The significance of Riopelle as an artist stems not only from the beauty of his work, but that it touched several of the 19th and 20th century's important art movements (Automatism; Surrealism; Lyrical Abstractionism; and Abstract Expressionism) while remaining distinct, original, and aesthetically stunning. His work, transcending a wide range of media from paint and sculpture, to mosaic and collage, consistently demonstrated his connection to nature, not only as a subject, but as a source of inspiration and guiding principle from which his work drew its essence. In addition to the aesthetic appeal of his work, his role as an artist who pushed boundaries and remained at the cutting edge of some of the mid-20th century's most important art movements is a critical component of his legacy.
Limited to a mintage of three million coins, of which two million will be coloured.
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